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What are Bioplastics?

A bioplastic is a plastic that is made partly or wholly from polymers derived from biological sources such as sugarcane, potato starch or the cellulose from trees & straws. Some bioplastics degrade in the open air, others are made so that they compost in an industrial composting plant, aided by fungi, bacteria and enzymes. Others mimic the robustness and durability of conventional plastics such as polyethylene or PET.

Bioplastics can be classified –

Based on the biodegradability –

Based on the degree of substitution – 

  • Drop-ins – Drop-in plastics are non-biodegradable materials, obtained from renewable raw materials that present identical technical properties to their fossil counterparts. They are (partly) biobased, non-biodegradable commodity plastics such as Bio-PE, Bio-PET, or Bio-PP.
  • Non Drop-ins – Non Drop-ins are materials that may or may not be biodegradable but they don’t have identical technical properties to their fossil counterparts. They include PLA, PHA, Bio-PA, etc.
Biodegradable Non-Biodegradable
Drop-ins None Bio-PET, Bio-PE, Bio-PP
Non Drop-ins PLA, PHA, Starch & Cellulose based Bio-based Polyamide
Bio-Polycarbonate

The Consulting Team @ Bioplastics Guide can provide you clarity on the key strategic and market aspects of the bioplastics opportunity. Know more about our consulting assistance from here.